In 2014, after a world premiere at the Toronto International Film Festival (TIFF) the year before, the filmmakers of ‘Half of a Yellow Sun’ directed by Biyi Bandele faced major resistance when they tried to obtain a certification from the Nigerian Film and Video Censors Board (NFVCB) for “Half of a Yellow Sun,” in time for the film’s release date in Nigeria. As a result, the filmmakers concluded there was a ban on the movie in the country, and made that known to the public. Given the global notoriety of the movie and its stars, NFVCB responded and defended themselves. They explained that the filmmakers failed to follow protocol that would have afforded them certification. Despite the controversy, the parties ultimately worked it out and in April of 2014, the movie premiered in cinemas in Nigeria.
Four years later, we have a similar fact pattern but this time with different players. Nnaji is now in Nigeria, where the movie was largely shot, and is attempting to distribute it in cinemas across the country. She, however, has met a stumbling block with the distribution company FilmOne.
In a nutshell, in a statement made to the public, she makes an allegation that boils down to FilmOne wanting its ego stroked, and blocking the distribution of ‘Lionheart’ on a meritless basis. FilmOne, on the other hand, has refuted her allegation and painted a story of a popular actress feeling entitled and not playing by the rules. You get to the read the statements below and draw your conclusion.
But suffice it to say, from my view, regardless of the motives driving the actions of the parties, this does not propel Nigeria’s film industry forward. I also do believe that there is an unspoken feeling on the part of being slighted by Nnaji even if it is arguably anchored on a substantive argument about the timeliness of submissions. This is because if you understand the Nigerian culture and observe prior patterns with similar releases, you see regulators, distributors, fans etc., especially, often feeling slighted when Nigerian filmmakers with moderate/large budgets shoot films in the country, but premiere, promote and market the movie, first, to a western audience, then return home to solicit fans and industry stakeholders for the promotion and sales of the movie. Nevertheless, if the filmmaker is following all protocols and rules in place, then it is what it is. At this point, it looks like Nnaji may need yet another Lionheart to fight the battle ahead with FilmOne.
NNAJI’S STATEMENT, RELEASED BY HER TEAM
Lionheart has been a big teaching moment for me as a filmmaker. It has surpassed my wildest dreams and expectations. Showing at film festivals across the world and getting acquired by Netflix has been surreal. Not to mention the many doors it has opened for me to further explore film and creativity in my truth as an African female filmmaker. And for all of these, I am grateful to God and to you all for your unwavering love and support. I have been truly blessed.
“But in all of these, getting to finally show my directorial debut to you all has given me more butterflies in my stomach. After all, it was originally created for your consumption. And from the initial reception to the release date, it is clear the feeling is mutual.
“Unfortunately, not everyone shares our enthusiasm. It is sad to discover that the very people who pose as Nollywood supporters and promoters of their content are the very same people frustrating the efforts of filmmakers. “FilmOne, one of the major film cinema distributors, has categorically refused to distribute Lionheart, primarily because they have no stake in it. They are currently invested in a couple of movies showing in the cinemas and want to protect their assets at all cost. Monopolizing the market this season is their strategy to recouping their investment.
“Silverbird agreed to exclusively exhibit Lionheart across their cinemas and that was good enough for me. Like I said, having you watch this movie was my primary objective, not making more money. I’m an artist who wants to display her work to the people the art was created for. “But, as soon as the announcement was made on Friday about the release, the “powers that be” of distribution and marketing were not having it. They proceeded to arm-twist Silverbird cinemas to backing out of our agreement by threatening to boycott them in the future.
“It’s like 2004 all over again. When we were all banned from the industry. Except this is not 2004. This is 2018. The sheer audacity. “It is clear to me that the interest of the consumers is not of utmost priority as advertised. These cinema chains are only here to make money off of struggling artists while protecting their investments in the films they are affiliated with.
“The major reason cinema chains globally do not produce their own movies is to avoid bias. Competing with the very people you are supposedly a distributor for is downright ridiculous and shameful, to say the least. “It is not enough that they buy out their own tickets and manipulate the numbers and time slots to keep up this false imagery of making box-office hits. They prevent filmmakers from releasing their products to manipulate foot traffic as well. Thereby forcing consumers to watch only that which is available to them. Not what they actually want to see.
“It sickens me to think that if this could be done to me (twice if I may add), then I can only imagine what many struggling independent filmmakers must be passing through in the hands of these industry vultures. “I call them vultures because they are a bunch of opportunists, and they prey on the weak. If the only success stories you can boast of as a distributor are movies you invested in, then how are you a supporter for the industry at large?
“To be honest, as an investor in this project, I have no complaints. I am happy with the progress I have made and remain grateful for how far I have come. But as an artist, having you watch my first-time film as a director meant a lot to me. Plus, I am aware of the challenges of streaming in this region, so bringing this home to you was important. Unfortunately, the cinemas have refused to show Lionheart.
“Despite all my efforts, they remain insistent. I don’t own a cinema chain of my own so my hands are tied. “Lionheart will be waiting for you starting January 4th on Netflix. I hope you are as proud of it as I am. “As for the ‘powers that be’, this is not over. On the contrary, it is just the beginning. You are going to respect what I stand for which is art. You are going to respect where I came from which is Nollywood. You are going to learn to respect the talent. Period.
Hi all, as cinema exhibitors we have processes that guide us when considering a movie for exhibition in the cinema. “We expect the movie to come from a licenced distributor, we expect the movie to be given adequate run time in the cinemas before it is officially released on other platforms and also for our cinemas to be provided with adequate notice for the inclusion of the movie in an increasingly crowded calender.
It is clear from the approach taken by the Lionheart team that these processes were not adhered to and most of our members rightly refused to take the movie. “It is also important to note that this movie had been signed up by Netflix months ago, thereby giving Genevieve’s team ample time to secure a spot on the calender, an option they did not take until quite recently thereby ensuring the possibility of the movie not being shown by cinemas during their preferred date.
“Genevieve has starred and produced movies for cinema exhibition in the past so should be familiar with the way the industry works which is why this is a cause for concern for us in the cinema association. “Finally it’s worth pointing out that other movies such as Chief Daddy, KOB and Merry men had all been slated from early March this year. Mo Abudu, AY and Kemi Adetiba who are industry compatriots of Genevieve’s followed the right approach by scheduling early for cinema release, it’s not fair that they may now possibly have their screen times reduced because of the rushed inclusion of Lionheart in the cinemas.
“We at the cinema association are also not pleased about the attacks in the statement on some of our members and the sweeping generalisations the statement makes and expect to seek further clarification from its author before determining if further action needs to be taken. Patrick Lee, Chairman, CEAN
Some of Our Achievements
Credited for several firsts in the fashion and entertainment industry, Ms. Uduak is also a Partner and Co-Founder of Ebitu Law Group, P.C. where she handles her law firm’s intellectual property law, media, business, fashion, and entertainment law practice areas. She has litigated a wide variety of cases in California courts and handled a variety of entertainment deals for clients in the USA, Africa, and Asia. Her work and contributions to the creative industry have been recognized by numerous organizations including the National Bar Association, The American University School of Law and featured in prestigious legal publications in the USA including ABA Journal and The California Lawyer Magazine.
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