Legal Drama

U.S.A Legal Drama: Eminem Royalties Case: Producers, Record Label Argue Over Who Got Luckier

This is an important case for anyone in the music industry to keep close tabs on.

Coming soon to a California federal courtroom will be a trial where music producers Mark and Jeff Bass fight for tens of millions of dollars in compensation from Aftermath Records over digital downloads for Eminem recordings.

The case is one of the most closely watched in the music business, but what the trial will look like is far from clear.

At the moment, both sides are debating the witnesses and type of testimony that will be heard, and the conversation has moved from a discussion purely on the substantive legal questions at issue to an entertaining sideshow about Eminem’s career, including who deserves credit for helping the rapper attain his superstar success and who was merely lucky enough to be along for the ride.
The dispute over whether the Bass brothers were cheated out of digital revenue first got to trial in 2009. The plaintiffs lost.

But in 2010, the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that the lower court judge had erred by denying summary judgment to the plaintiffs that a “licensing” provision of a contract applied instead of a “sales” provision when calculating royalties on downloads from outlets like iTunes.
The distinction potentially meant that the Bass brothers were owed a much larger percentage of royalties than they had received. The case was remanded down to the district court level to figure out what Aftermath owed — here was one suggestion — and since then, lots of other musicians have brought similar claims against their record labels.

A second trial will commence as early as this month, and in preparation, both sides are showcasing some of their sensitivities.

The dispute is first and foremost about boring ol’ contractual interpretations and accounting calculations. But the plaintiffs want to give the jury some context, including the historical background of the case.

Aftermath doesn’t believe that a trial is necessary at all, saying there are no facts in dispute. Despite the 9th Circuit decision, widely seen as a victory for musicians in digital royalty claims, Aftermath is basically declaring victory in this case, pointing to a judge’s order that it is permitted to deduct distribution fees.

But if the case does get to trial, Aftermath fears that the proceedings will become another opportunity for the plaintiffs to go about “painting themselves as ‘struggling musicians and producers’ who ‘discovered’ and ‘groomed’ Eminem and who have had to persevere against the big bad record company trying to cheat them out of royalties.”

The record label asks the judge to exclude “background” evidence as “irrelevant, prejudicial and (a) time-wasting sideshow” and specifically wants the plaintiffs’ first witness, Joel Martin, who manages Eminem’s publishing, to be forbidden from reprising for the jury’s ears the “David vs. Goliath” tale. . . –THR, Esq. has the full story.


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Credited for several firsts in the fashion and entertainment industry, Uduak Oduok (Ms. Uduak) is a fashion and entertainment lawyer, speaker, visionary, gamechanger, trailblazer, and recognized thought leader, for her work on Africa’s emerging global fashion and entertainment markets, and the niche practice of fashion law in the United States. She is also the founder of ‘Africa Music Law,’ an industry go-to music business and law blog and podcast show empowering African artists. Her work in the creative and legal industries has earned her numerous awards and recognitions, including an award from the American University Washington College of Law for her “legal impact in the field of intellectual property in Africa." She has also taught as an Adjunct Professor at several institutions in the United States. For more information, visit her at

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